What are nootropics?
If you are looking for nootropic drugs and supplements, there are many suppliers around with a good reputation. You can find a great deal of information about nootropics and famous smart drugs, as well as enjoy nootropics reviews on our website. So what exactly are nootropics?
According to PubMed.gov, nootropics are substances which improve the functional capabilities of the central nervous system including the brain. They also possess a host of other names such as cognitive enhancers, smart drugs, neuro enhancers, and intelligence enhancers among many more. Nootropics are drugs, supplements, nutraceuticals and functional foods that improve one or more aspects of mental functions such as motivation, attention and working memory. These drugs (nootropics) are legal and can be bought over the counter without necessarily requiring a doctor’s prescription.
Scientific data has come out strongly to prove that these drugs can be used to safely treat certain neuro conditions. We are talking about diseases such as Parkinsonism, Alzheimer’s, ADHD and Huntington’s disease.
The main characteristics of nootropics
There are so many nootropic substances in the market and otherwise. However, almost all of them contain the following major characteristics.
- Results to increase in acetylcholine function which is a neurotransmitter that is directly responsible for higher cognition.
- Act as a positive allosteric modulator of acetylcholine or glutamate receptors
- Affect other neurotransmitter systems like dopamine to influence cognitive ability
- Lead to increase in neural activity in a single or more parts of the brain, with concomitant enhancement in memory and thinking ability.
- Increase energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate widely known as ATP in the brain.
- They increase oxygen levels in the brain, and this is associated with increased blood flow in the cerebrum.
Are they different from smart drugs?
Yes of course nootropics supplements are different from smart drugs. These compounds basically affect the part of the brain which enjoins the left and the right hemispheres. This part of the brain is known as the corpus collosum in the scientific lexicon. Exclusively working on this area is what differentiates nootropics from other classes of “smart drugs” owing to the fact that they possess little to no effect on the central nervous system. This phenomenon causes the nootropics to be known to harmlessly work with and enhance brain activity while improving memory because they present essentially no side-effects and/or contraindications. Moreover, this is as a result of their low degree of toxicity in the body if administered within the typical range of dose.
How nootropics enhance cognition
Despite the fact that nootropics enhance the cognitive function of the brain, they are also known to improve attention span, memory, concentration and motivation. The different compounds that fall under the nootropics surname possess their own distinctive chemical and biological processes. If we may for instance take piracetam. This nootropic supplement has its powers in its ability to increase two types of glutamate receptors: AMPA and NDMA. It also works on cholinergic acetylcholine receptors. Piracetam is also known to cause vasodilation (widening) of the blood vessels which ultimately stimulates blood circulation in the central nervous system.
Types of nootropics
The cognitive enhancers, nootropics, exist in two states. There are those that are found naturally and some that are synthesized from the laboratory.
a. Natural nootropics
Natural brain enhancers include merchandises like Brain stack and Alpha Brain. They are naturally made from vitamins, natural herbs and minerals which include ingredients like Vitamin B6, Alpha GPC, Bacopa, Vinocetine, Huperzia Serrata, Amino acids ( L-Theanine and L-Tyrosine), AC11, among many others. If you are not exactly sure what these are do not be worried, you will get a lot of relevant information pertaining them in this site going forward.
b. Synthetic/Chemical nootropics
Chemically based nootropical compounds refer to products like Racetams, Piracetam and Noopept. These are products produced by combination substances that have been scientifically synthesized in the laboratory. It must be noted that despite possessing a higher potency, chemically synthesized, as opposed to naturally occurring drugs, are always laden with contraindications. Therefore, you have to be extremely careful before taking any nootropic that belongs to this category. But take it easy, this is where this site comes in.
The most important point to note here is that irrespective of whether a nootropic is naturally or chemically synthesized, they do work in a similar way. All of them are meant to improve your brain’s neurotransmitters. The end result of this is increased focus, memory and enhanced learning ability.